PVDF Filament: Everything You Need to Know

Fillamentum Fluorodur PVDF Filament

PVDF filament for projects that require high performance in challenging environments – from industrial machinery components to aerospace applications.


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Introduction

Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF) filament is a high-performance thermoplastic distinguished for its extraordinary chemical resistance, high thermal stability, and exceptional mechanical properties. PVDF Filament is extensively utilized in industries that require parts to withstand harsh chemical environments, high temperatures, and mechanical stress, such as in chemical processing, oil and gas, and aerospace applications. Its resistance to UV light and flame, alongside its ability to act as an excellent electrical insulator, further broadens its applicability, making it an ideal choice for components exposed to outdoor environments or requiring non-conductivity.

Given its advanced material properties, PVDF can present challenges during 3D printing, including the need for higher extrusion temperatures and an adherence to safety precautions due to potential toxic fumes. However, for professionals and enthusiasts equipped to handle these requirements, PVDF offers the opportunity to fabricate parts with specifications previously unattainable with more conventional 3D printing materials.

About PVDF Filament

PVDF’s superiority lies in its balance of performance characteristics. It exhibits exceptional resistance to abrasion and solvents, making it suitable for parts that will be in contact with aggressive chemicals or subjected to wear and tear. Furthermore, PVDF maintains its integrity over a wide temperature range, ensuring reliability in applications experiencing fluctuating or extreme thermal conditions.

While PVDF is inherently flame-retardant and has good UV resistance, making it suitable for outdoor applications, its high strength and stiffness do not compromise flexibility, allowing for the design of durable yet adaptable parts. The challenges associated with printing PVDF are primarily related to its processing requirements, including the necessity for high extrusion temperatures and a well-ventilated printing environment.

Possible Applications of PVDF Filament

Chemical Processing Equipment

PVDF is ideal for fabricating components that come into direct contact with harsh chemicals, including valves, pumps, and piping systems.

Aerospace and Automotive

Its flame retardancy and mechanical properties are leveraged in aerospace and automotive applications for parts requiring high reliability under stress and temperature variations.

Electrical and Electronic Insulation

The material’s excellent electrical insulation properties make it suitable for electronic enclosures, connectors, and components in electrical systems.

Water Filtration Systems

PVDF’s resistance to microbial growth and chemicals suits applications in water treatment and filtration systems, ensuring durability and safety.

#Fillamentum Fluorodur PVDF Filament
<a href=httpswww3djakecomfillamentum>Fillamentum<a> Fluorodur PVDF Filament

Pros and Cons of PVDF Filament

Pros:

  • Superior Chemical Resistance: Excels in environments exposed to harsh chemicals and solvents.
  • High Thermal Stability: Operates reliably across a broad temperature spectrum.
  • UV and Flame Resistance: Suitable for outdoor use and applications requiring flame retardancy.
  • Mechanical Strength: Offers a balance of strength and flexibility for durable part creation.

Cons:

  • Processing Difficulty: High extrusion temperatures and printing environment requirements can challenge standard 3D printing setups.
  • Potential Toxic Emissions: Necessitates well-ventilated printing areas to mitigate health risks.
  • Cost: As a specialized material, PVDF commands a higher price point relative to more commonly used filaments.
  • Equipment Requirements: May require printers capable of reaching higher extrusion temperatures and handling more advanced materials.

Material Settings of PVDF Filament

SettingValue
Print Temperature [°C]225 – 275
Build Plate Temperature [°C]70 – 110
Print Speed [mm/s]20 – 40
Cooling Fan [%]0 – 15
Enclosed Build ChamberRequired
Air ManagementRequired
Min Active Heated Build Chamber Temperature [°C]Not Required
DryingRecommended
AnnealingNot Required

Successfully printing with PVDF filament involves managing the filament’s high extrusion temperature and adhering to ventilation requirements to ensure safety and print quality.

Mechanical Properties of PVDF Filament

PropertyValue
Shore HardnessD70 – D80
Specific Gravity [g/cc]1.72 – 1.8
Tensile Strength at Break [Mpa]25 – 58
Elongation at Break [%]8 – 50
Flexural Strength [Mpa]50 – 120
Flexural Modulus [Mpa]1700 – 3155
Impact Strength Charpy 23˚C [kJ/m²]5 – 10
HDT B [°C]120 – 158
Tg [°C]-25 – -34
UV ResistanceHigh

PVDF’s mechanical properties underscore its robustness, making it an optimal choice for parts requiring a synthesis of chemical resistance, thermal stability, and mechanical endurance.

Material Comparison

MaterialPLAABSPVDF
Print Temperature [°C]180 – 235230 – 270225 – 275
DurabilityModerateHighHighest
Ease of PrintingHighModerateDifficult
UV ResistanceLowModerateHigh
Heat ResistanceLowModerateHigh

PVDF distinguishes itself with unparalleled durability, UV, and heat resistance, making it superior in applications demanding extreme performance, albeit with more challenging print requirements.

FAQ´s about PVDF Filament

How does PVDF compare to PTFE in terms of applications?

While both PVDF and PTFE offer excellent chemical resistance, PVDF is easier to process in 3D printing applications, providing similar benefits with greater design flexibility.

Can PVDF be used with a standard desktop 3D printer?

PVDF requires a 3D printer capable of reaching higher extrusion temperatures and is best printed in an enclosure to control temperature and vent emissions, which may be beyond the capacities of some standard desktop printers.

How to minimize health risks when printing with PVDF?

Ensuring good ventilation in the printing area and using an enclosed printer with a built-in filtration system can significantly reduce potential health risks.

Is PVDF recyclable?

Yes, PVDF is recyclable, though, like other specialized plastics, it should be processed through appropriate recycling facilities that can ensure safe and effective recycling.

What makes PVDF unique among fluoropolymers?

PVDF offers a good balance between ease of processing, mechanical properties, and resistance to chemicals and temperature, setting it apart from other fluoropolymers with its versatility and performance.

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