First Layer Adhesion How to Fix it Now

Discover expert tips on mastering first layer adhesion in 3D printing. Our guide covers adhesive choices, bed leveling, and more for optimal printing success.

by Editorial Staff: We are a team of 3D Printing Enthusiasts who have build a lot of knowledge about 3D Printing the last 8 years. Our aim is to create the knowledge hub for 3D Printing covering all minor and major topics. Providing one source of reliable Information for everybody regardless of Beginner or Expert.

Introduction to First Layer Adhesion Challenges

First layer adhesion is critical in 3D printing. The success of the entire print depends on this initial layer. Achieving optimal adhesion prevents common issues like the print lifting off the bed, leading to a failed project. Understanding and addressing these challenges is key to successful 3D printing.

Ensuring Proper First Layer Adhesion

Using the Right Adhesive and Bed Temperature

  • Adhesive Options: Various adhesives are available, including PrintaFix, glue sticks, and spray-on options. Materials like PEI and Buildtak offer enhanced surface adhesion.
  • Temperature Settings: Adjust the bed temperature based on the material and adhesive used. This ensures optimal adhesion and print quality.

First Layer Height Adjustment

Proper nozzle-to-bed distance is crucial. Adjust the first layer height to 70-90% for ideal results. A nozzle too close to the bed can hinder material extrusion, while a too-far nozzle leads to warping.

Leveling the Build Plate

Correctly leveling the print bed and setting the nozzle height is essential. Follow your 3D printer’s guidelines to set the correct zero position for the Z-axis. This step is vital for reducing warping and ensuring the right amount of material is extruded in the first layer.

Enhancing Stability with a Brim

A brim can significantly improve adhesion and stability. This additional printed structure, usually 10-15 outlines wide and 1-2 layers tall, increases the part’s surface area, enhancing adhesion and overall stability.


In conclusion, mastering first layer adhesion in 3D printing involves a combination of choosing the right adhesives, adjusting layer heights, leveling the build plate, and utilizing brims for added stability. By following these guidelines, you can significantly improve the success rate of your 3D prints.

What is the importance of first layer adhesion in 3D printing?

First layer adhesion is crucial as it determines the stability and quality of the entire 3D print.

How can I choose the right adhesive for my 3D print?

Select adhesives like PrintaFix or glue sticks based on your print material and desired bed temperature.

What should be the ideal first layer height?

Aim for a first layer height between 70-90% to ensure proper material extrusion and reduce warping.

Why is leveling the build plate important?

Proper leveling ensures the correct nozzle height, reducing warping and improving material extrusion in the first layer.

How does a brim enhance 3D printing stability?

A brim increases the surface area of the print, improving adhesion and stability, especially for larger or more complex prints.

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